On Wednesday, the Norwegian Automobile Federation (NAF) completed its bi-annual El Prix event that tests the range of dozens of popular EVs from around the globe and various price brackets. While Tesla has dominated the last four years, 2024’s winter edition of the El Prix saw a newcomer not only deliver the most range in cold weather but also come closest to its advertised range.

The Norwegian Automobile Federation, or NAF, is the largest interest and consumer organization in the Nordic, with over 500,000 members – equivalent to roughly 25% of all vehicle owners in the country.

Twice a year alongside Motor, the NAF organizes a range test called the El Prix, described as the “world’s largest” – once in the winter and then again in the summer. Since 2020, Tesla EVs have dominated the bi-annual range tests, and this year’s winter El Prix saw the Model 3 as the clear favorite as it offered the most range on paper.

However, the 2024 lineup of 23 different EVs from around the world saw a newcomer steal the spotlight, with a range significantly less affected by the cold conditions compared to the other EVs.

EV range test
The 2024 Winter El Prix in -10 degrees Celsius / Source : NAF

HiPhi Z usurps Model 3 favorite in EV range test by 81 km

For the 2024 Winter El Prix, the NAF and Motor gathered a pool of 23 different EVs to track their range across Norway in temperatures between -2° and -10℃ (14° to 28℉) in addition to windy conditions.

In the morning, the EVs are fully charged and travel together on the same day, on the same route, under the same conditions for fairness. They are gathered up as they inevitably become depleted of range. Here’s the complete list of the contenders in this year’s winter EV range test, along with their results:

Make/Model Advertised Range (WLTP) Consumption / 100 km El Prix Winter Range El Prix Winter Consumption / 100 km
Audi Q8 e-tron Sportback 515 km
(310 miles)
22.4 kWh 411.4 km (-20.1%) 24.8 kWh (+10.4%)
BMW i5 (eDrive40) 505 km
(314 miles)
18.7 kWh 443.6 km (-12.2%) 19.7 kWh (+5.3%)
BYD Dolphin 427 km
(265 miles)
15.9 kWh 339.2 km (-20.6%) 171. kWh (+7.5%)
Ford F-150 Lightning 429 kim
(267 miles)
18.7 kWh 337.5 km (-21.3%) 23.9 kWh (+27.8%)
HiPhi Z 555 km
(345 miles)
20.4 kWh 522 km (-5.9%) 24.32 kWh (+9.2%)
Hyundai IONIQ 6 614 km
(382 miles)
14.3 kWh 467.8 km (-23.8%) 16.3 kWh (+14%)
Hyundai Kona Electric 454 km
(282 miles)
16.6 kWh 341.3 km (-24.8%) 18.3 kWh (+10.2%)
Jeep Avenger 395 km
(245 miles)
15.7 kWh 286 km (-27.6%) 19.4 kWh (+23.6%)
Kia EV9 505 km
(314 miles)
22.8 kWh 441.9 km (-12.5%) 23 kWh (+0.9%)
Lotus Eletre 530 km
(329 miles)
20.3 kWh 464.6 km (-12.3%) 24.8 kWh (+22.2%)
Mercedes-Benz EQE SUV 491 km
( miles)
21.5 kWh 399 km (-18.7%) 22.5 kWh (+4.7%)
MG4 Trophy Long Range 520 km
( miles)
16.5 kWh 399.6 km (-23.2%) 17.5 kWh (+6.1%)
NIO EL6 (ES6) 529 km
(305 miles)
22.1 kWh 456 km (-13.8%) 19.8 kWh (-10.4%)
NIO ET5 560 km
(348 miles)
21.6 kWh 481.4 km (-14%) 19.4 kWh (-10.2%)
Nissan Ariya 498 km
(309 miles)
20.4 kWh 369.4 km (-25.8%) 21.7 kWh (+6.4%)
Opel Astra 413 km
(257 miles)
15.7 kWh 296 km (-28.3%) 17.4 kWh (+10.8%)
Peugeot E-308 409 km
(254 miles)
12.7 kWh 297 km (-27.4%) 17 kWh (+33.9%)
Polestar 2 Long Range 614 km
(382 miles)
15.8 kWh 430 km (-30%) 18.5 kWh (+17.1%)
Tesla Model 3 629 km
(397 miles)
N/A 441 km (-29.9%) 18 kWh
Toyota bZ4X 460 km
(286 miles)
16.2 kWh 313.5 km (-31.8%) 19.8 kWh (+22.2%)
Volkswagen ID.7 608 km
(378 miles)
14.4 kWh 414 km (-31.9%) 18.9 kWh (+31.2%)
XPeng G9 520 km
(323 miles)
21.3 kWh 451.8 km (-13.1%) 22.8 kWh (+7%)
Volvo C40 572 km
(355 miles)
17.5 kWh 395 km (-30.9%) 21.1 kWh (+20.6%)
Source: NAF

While other EVs led the pack in WLTP range and consumption on paper, the HiPhi Z out of China shined during the 2024 winter range test in total distance traveled on a single charge and had the lowest range loss compared to what its makers advertised.

Perhaps you haven’t heard of HiPhi yet, but maybe you need to check in with Electrek more because we’ve covered the young Chinese automaker several times in the past year, including the launch of the Z GT that dominated in Norway this week.

Despite having a 74 km less advertised range than the favored Tesla Model 3, The HiPhi Z bested the world’s best-selling electric sedan by a whopping 81 km (50.3 miles) in real-world winter testing.

Despite harsh winter conditions, a massive inhibitor to EV adoption in today’s market, the HiPhi Z came closest to achieving its advertised EV range during the test, missing the mark by a mere 6%. The next closest was the relatively new BMW i5, which finished 12.2% less than its advertised range.

The Model 3 missed its target by nearly 30%. The Lotus Eletre came in a close third behind the i5, closing out the podium for premium EVs alongside the HiPhi Z.

There is a lot of additional insight into the data from the NAF’s 2024 EV winter range test you can view here. We look forward to the organization’s summer version of the El Prix to see how all these EVs (and likely some newcomers) fare under warmer conditions. Stay tuned.

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MuskWire TLDR:

The Norwegian Automobile Federation (NAF) recently conducted its bi-annual El Prix event, which tests the range of various electric vehicles (EVs) in cold weather conditions. For the past four years, Tesla has dominated the event, but this year saw a newcomer, the HiPhi Z from China, perform exceptionally well. The HiPhi Z not only delivered the most range in cold weather but also came closest to its advertised range. The NAF organizes the El Prix twice a year, with the winter edition featuring 23 different EVs from around the world. The vehicles are fully charged in the morning and travel together on the same route under the same conditions. The HiPhi Z outperformed the Tesla Model 3, which was the favorite to win, by achieving a real-world winter range that was 81 km (50.3 miles) more than the Model 3. Despite harsh winter conditions, the HiPhi Z came closest to achieving its advertised range, missing the mark by only 6%. The BMW i5 and Lotus Eletre also performed well in the range test. The NAF’s El Prix provides valuable insights into the performance of EVs in different conditions, and the organization will conduct a summer version of the event to assess the vehicles’ performance in warmer weather.